Every manuscript goes through each level of editing which is why, while I offer each service separately, I also offer combined services at a discounted rate. This only changes the amount of passes your manuscript will receive and the duration of our correspondence.

Manuscript Assessment
  • Cost-effective, private review option of a manuscript
  • I evaluate your manuscript’s strengths and weaknesses in a chapter-by-chapter appraisal
  • Suggestions are offered in a detailed assessment, no changes are made to your manuscript
  • I can also include my comments on potential readership, marketing values, and possible marketing tactics

These assessments are actually the first step in every manuscript’s path through a publishing house, but it’s also a great tool if you need to improve a finished text yourself.

Additionally, thanks to MS Word’s Comments function, I can point out examples and make observations directly in text on top of making an outline of them in a separate document.

Substantive Editing
  • Focuses on big picture organisation, content, and structure
  • Perfect for rough or first drafts
  • For fiction work, I will assess a story for believability, plot coherence, character development, world building, and consistency of dialogue.
  • For non-fiction work, I look at the content and structure of the text to ensure it’s organised in a logical way while keeping an eye out for repetition, logical fallacies, and consistency of ideas.

Also called “developmental” or “structural,” this is the first step of editing a manuscript and focuses on large scale edits. It will also include a short, overall manuscript assessment.

This type of editing often requires moving parts of the text, even chapters, or rewriting sections. In any case of rewriting, I will always stay as close to your original wording and style as possible or leave comments with other possible solutions. I will also comment on any areas that require more information.

By the end of a substantive edit, a fiction story will have a believable world, no plot holes, consistent and developing characters, all the way to a satisfying conclusion. A non-fiction text will have an organic flow of ideas, credible arguments, and a solid conclusion.

Please note, I will not write your story for you. If large sections of your manuscript require rewriting, I will be happy to go over them with you via Skype or phone call, but I’m not a ghost writer. Please see Process and Samples for further details.

Stylistic Editing
  • Focuses on the writing structure of paragraphs, flow of the prose, and overall clarity of statements
  • Does not involve changing or constricting an author’s style
  • I correct run-on sentences, jarring transitions, and improve readability

Also called “line editing,” this stage is sometimes lumped in to either (or both!) substantive and copy editing stages. However, stylistic editing is distinct and it wouldn’t do to fix run-on sentences if the entire chapter gets removed in a second draft.

Like with a substantive edit, there may be some rewriting to smooth out content, but the target is individual paragraphs to eliminate jargon and anachronisms while polishing and clarifying the work. There is also focus on eliminating unnecessary repetitions and confusing sentence/paragraph structures – anything that would make the reader pause and break the flow of the work.

Copy Editing
  • Focuses on grammar, spelling, and overall readability
  • Only for final drafts! No sense in picking apart grammar if you plan to remove or rewrite a whole section.
  • I edit all typos, ambiguities, and suggest changes to clarify meaning

This stage of editing is best completed after all major revisions are finalised. The goal here is to have a text free of errors that would reduce the credibility and readability of your work.

If applicable, all references, citations, footnotes, and any tables or graphs are also checked for accuracy at this point.

  • Focuses on design and minor mechanical errors in a formatted, edited manuscript
  • Last stage of editing before a manuscript heads to the printer
  • I check for any remaining errors, uneven spacing, and touch ups

This is the very last stage a manuscript goes through before being printed and is, generally, the last chance to make any changes. When texts are formatted for print or eBook form, there can be little errors in translation including awkward spacing, poorly hyphenated words, or stray design flaws (mismatched headers are a common example).

Any large changes or additions of new content should receive a full substantive, stylistic, and copy edit before a proof if there is time. While I will only make minor revisions at this stage, I will advise you if there are any major errors.

Full Edit
  • A term to describe a project that needs (or has had) Substantive, Stylistic, and Copy Editing
  • A Proofread is usually done separately or at a later date before a manuscript heads to the printer
  • I offer a discounted rate for two or more editing services on a single project

All manuscripts should go through each stage of editing at least once by a fresh, impartial set of eyes. It’s popular that most of my clients would like me to see a project through from a rough draft to the final product so there’s a discounted rate applied for these projects. This does extend deadlines since I give each stage no less than two revisions and that requires consistent communication between myself and the Author.

When I evaluate the sample of your manuscript sent via the Free Quote form, I’ll be able to suggest what kind of editing your work needs and their respective prices, whether your work needs only a light copy edit, a combination of stylistic and copy editing, a full edit, or anything in between!